SAN MARINO

SAN MARINO, tiny independent republic near rimini surrounded by Italian territory. Jewish loan-banks appeared there as early as 1369, one of them being managed by a woman. In 1442 some of the bankers were accused of conspiracy against the state, and the duke of Urbino intervened with the "regents" of the republic to prevent the Jews being further molested. The activities of Jewish moneylenders continued until the 17th century. Although in modern times any Jewish connection with San Marino was sporadic, the tiny republic obediently enacted racial laws in 1938, in imitation of Italy, against the dozen Jewish families who had drifted there in recent years; they were repealed on the fall of Mussolini in the summer of 1943. The consul general of Israel in Rome serves in the same capacity also in San Marino. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Milano, Bibliotheca, index; Bernardi, in: REJ, 48 (1904), 241–64; 49 (1904), 80–97; 50 (1905), 129–35; Lonardo, in: Atti e memorie della Regia deputazione di storia patria per le Marche, 2 (1905), 93–115. (Ariel Toaff)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • San Marino — San Marinese /mar euh neez , nees /. /san meuh ree noh/; for 1, 2 also It. /sahn mah rddee naw/ 1. a small republic in E Italy: the oldest independent country in Europe. 24,714; 38 sq. mi. (98 sq. km). Cap.: San Marino. 2. a town in and the… …   Universalium

  • San Marino — • An independent republic lying between the Italian Provinces of Forli, Pasaro, and Urbino Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. San Marino     San Marino      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • San Marino — (Макапа,Бразилия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Av. Marcílio Dias, 1395, Макапа, CEP 68908 200, Бразилия Описание: Отель …   Каталог отелей

  • San Marino — San Marino, CA U.S. city in California Population (2000): 12945 Housing Units (2000): 4437 Land area (2000): 3.773550 sq. miles (9.773450 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.773550 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • San Marino, CA — U.S. city in California Population (2000): 12945 Housing Units (2000): 4437 Land area (2000): 3.773550 sq. miles (9.773450 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.773550 sq. miles (9.773450 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • San Marīno — San Marīno, Republik in Mittelitalien, der kleinste Staal Europas, umfaßt ein Areal von 61 qkm mit einer Bevölkerung von 11,002 Seelen (180 auf 1 qkm) und bildet einen hügeligen Landstrich zwischen den Provinzen Pesaro e Urbino und Forlt, der von …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • San Marino — Sȁn Marȋno m DEFINICIJA geogr. država na I obroncima Apenina, 60,6 km2, 24.300 stan., glavni grad San Marino …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • San Marino — [sän΄ mä rē′nō̂; ] E [ san΄ mə rē′nō] 1. independent country within E Italy: 24 sq mi (62 sq km); pop. 24,000 2. its capital: pop. 4,300 …   English World dictionary

  • San Marino — San Ma|ri|no a very small country in northeast Italy. Population: 27,336 (2001). Capital: San Marino …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • San Marino — San Marino, 1) Republik in Italien, ist von den Delegationen Urbino u. Pesaro des Kirchenstaats[893] umschlossen u. umfaßt 18 QMiglien (= 4,5 geogr. QM.) mit 7800 Ew., der kleinste Staat Europas, ein durch die Apenninen gebirgiges, theils… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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